Size- 1000’ x 110’ x 42’
Gatun Locks – 3 steps and 6 chambers
Pedro Miguel – 1 step and 2 chambers
Miraflores – 2 steps, 4 chambers
Water Flow- Using gravity, down and across chambers
Panamax Ship- 965’ x 106’ x 39 ½’
Maximum Cargo- 4400 TEUs/container ship
Gates- 4 or more miter gates swing per chamber
Water- 52 million gallons lost to sea per transit
Size- 1400’ x 180’ x 60’
Gatun East- 3 steps, 3 chambers, 9 basins
Miraflores West- 3 steps, 3 chambers, 9 basins
Water Flow- Using gravity, down and across holding basins
Post Panamax Ship- 1200’ x 160’ x 50’
Max Cargo- 12600 TEUs/ container ship
Gates- 2 each 200’ wide (one piece rolling gates on tracks)
Water- 60% recycled
- Ships traveling between New York and San Francisco save 7,872 miles by using the Panama Canal instead of going around Cape Horn.
- The Atlantic entrance to the Canal is 22-1/2 miles west of the Pacific entrance.
- More than four and half million cubic yards of concrete went in to the construction of the locks and dams.
- Material originally excavated to build the Canal were put on to a train of flat cars, it would encircle the world four times.
- The locks of the Panama Canal are seven feet thick.
- On February 29, 1968 was the most transits on a single day with an amount of 65 ships crossing the isthmus.
- More than 60,000,000 pounds of dynamite was used to excavate and construct the Panama Canal.
- In 1963 the Panama Canal for the first time starts operating 24 hours, thanks to the introduction high mass fluorescent lighting.
- In 1520, King Charles of Spain was the first to suggest the construction of a canal.
- More than 5,000 more people died from yellow fever before the Canal was opened in 1904.
- 68% of the traffic that passes through the Panama Canal comes from or is headed toward the U.S.
- First ground broken by French January 1, 1880
- Amount of money spent by the French: $260,000,000
- Amount United States paid French for their rights and property $40,000,000
- Canal Zone acquired by U.S. from Panama by treaty February 23, 1904
- Amount United States paid Panama for Canal Zone: $10,000,000
- Rental paid by U.S. to Panama beginning in 1913 per annum: $250,000
- Work began by the United States May 4, 1904
- First ship through the Canal September 26, 1913
- Date of official opening August 15, 1914
- Name of first official ship to transit canal: S.S. Ancon
- Canal Zone in square miles: 436
- Length of Canal from Atlantic to Pacific: 51 miles
- Width of the Canal Zone: 10 miles
- Time to transit Canal: 8-10 hours
- Number of ships crossing daily: 40
- Number of ships crossing each year: 12-15,000
- Time of passage through locks: 3 hours
- Amount of water filling each lock: 52 million gallons
- Gatun Lake level is controlled at the Gatun Dam both through a hydropower generating plant and over spillways at the dam.
- Total concrete for canal in cubic yards: 5,000,000